Recent developments remind us that policy actions will have consequences and that political actors remain difficult to predict. Such uncertainties will exacerbate the usual late-cycle volatility: this is not the time to relax.

1. In the U.S., recent housing data reminds us that monetary tightening will not be entirely pain free.

Forecasts must avoid the trap of assuming that the current economic backdrop will continue indefinitely: things change. So, while repeated Fed rates have so far had little impact on overall U.S. economic growth, one should not assume this in future. In fact, this week’s timely National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) data, discussed on page 2, suggest that higher U.S. mortgage rates are already having an impact on consumer behaviour, despite average hourly earnings trending higher. This is of course what conventional economic theory teaches us – it is just that, after nearly a decade of unconventional monetary policy, we may need reminding that the usual rules still apply.


2. In Italy, markets may soon grow less relaxed about the Italy vs. European Commission budget showdown.

Forecasts are also obviously vulnerable to political actors, whose behaviour may be more difficult to predict than policy makers. One danger is that, while it can be difficult to decipher political machinations, lack of obvious direction does not equate to a lack of danger. So, while the market’s relaxed response to initial steps by the European Commission to the launch an excessive deficit procedure against Italy is understandable, the risk of an escalation in yields remains a real one.


3. And do not assume that the EU Council meeting this weekend will wrap up the Brexit debate: it can’t.

Brexit developments provide a powerful example of how markets can struggle to keep abreast of difficult-to-predict, essentially political, developments. GBP has reacted strongly to the high political drama around the passage of draft EU legislation through the UK government’s cabinet and subsequent excitements. So the temptation may now be to assume a smooth progression of these proposals through Sunday’s EU Council Meeting and then the UK parliament. The outwards signs appear reassuring: the UK government has now agreed a broad-brush “political declaration” with the EU and Mrs. May has been busy talking to other European leaders to ensure support for the proposed package. But, even assuming that the Sunday meeting goes according to plan (not guaranteed), complacency is not advised. In many ways, the “political declaration” is vaguer than documents that have preceded it (e.g. the Chequers plan) and the UK parliamentary vote remains a significant hurdle to overcome, even though MPs may be sorely tempted for this deal rather than risk a “no deal” alternative. The actions of the main opposition Labour Party also remain difficult to predict. So stay on your toes.


To download a PDF of the full report, please click here.


In Europe, Middle East and Africa as well as in Asia Pacific this material is considered marketing material, but this is not the case in the U.S. No assurance can be given that any forecast or target can be achieved. Forecasts are based on assumptions, estimates, opinions and hypothetical models which may prove to be incorrect. Past performance is not indicative of future returns. Investments come with risk. The value of an investment can fall as well as rise and you might not get back the amount originally invested at any point in time. Your capital may be at risk. CIO Office, Deutsche Bank Wealth Management, Deutsche Bank AG - Email:

You may also be interested in

The content and materials on this website may be considered Marketing Material. The market price of an investment can fall as well as rise and you might not get back the amount originally invested.  The products, services, information and/or materials contained within these web pages may not be available for residents of certain jurisdictions. Please consider the sales restrictions relating to the products or services in question for further information. Deutsche Bank does not give tax or legal advice; prospective investors should seek advice from their own tax advisers and/or lawyers before entering into any investment.